The 4 Common Types of Steel Used In Sheet Metal

sheet metal steel

The process of sheet metal fabrication begins with a concept that requires sheet metal to be customized to the particular need of a customer that contracts with a business that handles such projects. While that customer has any number of options when it comes to the choice of material, the choice of steel is common.

Within that subset are four particular types of steel that might be under consideration for use during sheet metal fabrication. They are:

Alloy Steel

Within this particular steel is actually carbon steel, though other elements are included to make it unique. Which elements find their way into the product depend on whether the desired effect is to make it more rigid, stronger or protect it against the issue of corrosion.

The elements that help deliver a more sturdy steel include manganese, chromium and tungsten. For added strength, either nickel or vanadium are the usual options. This is an easy steel to produce, with the economic savings catching the eye of those who need to watch their budget.

Carbon Steel

Products that require strength as a chief byproduct, such as bridges, will choose this particular option. Not surprisingly, carbon is a main component here, along with iron that helps form a potent mix of properties. Within this concern are the choices of low, medium and high carbon steel.

The low version offers versatility with regard to its use in things like railings, gates or fences. Moving up to the medium shows the types of items that most people will come into contact with, such as appliances and many vehicles. The high carbon content will be evident in wires, but because of the increased level of carbon being used, a more fragile product emerges.

Stainless Steel

The chief value when it comes to this item is the fact that corrosion is effectively repelled because of the protective coverage offered from the chromium within. That means products that are created to handle water frequently, which might range from a kitchen sink to a boat can be insulated from the inevitable damage from the air and moisture that would ordinarily result from even a small amount of usage.

In addition, machines that deal with the processing of liquids would have a limited lifespan without the insulation that’s being provided. Finally, buildings that deal with the elements on a daily basis can withstand the rigorous pounding delivered by using this type of sheet metal steel.

Tool Steel

Like carbon, tool steel brings value because of its versatility, with carbon making up roughly one percent of its content. Alloy also is part of the overall package, though the level of its content is dependent upon where it’s being used, with more drastic conditions requiring both the alloy and carbides contained inside to be higher.

The name obviously links it to the production of tools, with some of the items being hammers. dies and punches. A variety of blades also fall into this category, with machine-based items being created in conjunction with other options such as knives. The rigid composition of this form of steel is enhanced by the fact that it’s abrasion-free and can deliver under tremendous heat or frigid conditions. Adding to this asset are the different available shapes, with flat and square naming just a few. Finally, other materials can be shaped when using tool steel.

The Best Option

Sheet metal fabrication can deliver different levels of quality and be based on the quality of the sheet metal being used. In addition, the experience of the personnel that produce it can help avoid mistakes that put deadlines in danger. Quick-Way Manufacturing offers state-of-the-art equipment and fast turnaround times, so contact us when you have a need in this area.

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